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04. Editing Chirps

Introduction

Let's add a feature that's missing from other popular bird-themed microblogging platforms — the ability to edit Chirps!

Routing

First we will update our routes file to enable the chirps.edit and chirps.update routes for our resource controller:

routes/web.php
<?php
 ...
use App\Http\Controllers\ChirpController;
use App\Http\Controllers\ProfileController;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;
 
/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Web Routes
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Here is where you can register web routes for your application. These
| routes are loaded by the RouteServiceProvider within a group which
| contains the "web" middleware group. Now create something great!
|
*/
 
Route::get('/', function () {
return view('welcome');
});
 
Route::get('/dashboard', function () {
return view('dashboard');
})->middleware(['auth', 'verified'])->name('dashboard');
 
Route::resource('chirps', ChirpController::class)
->only(['index', 'create', 'store'])
->only(['index', 'create', 'store', 'edit', 'update'])
->middleware(['auth', 'verified']);
 ...
Route::middleware('auth')->group(function () {
Route::get('/profile', [ProfileController::class, 'index'])->name('profile.index');
 
Route::get('/profile/edit', [ProfileController::class, 'edit'])->name('profile.edit');
Route::patch('/profile', [ProfileController::class, 'update'])->name('profile.update');
 
Route::get('/profile/password/edit', [ProfilePasswordController::class, 'edit'])->name('profile.password.edit');
Route::patch('/profile/password', [ProfilePasswordController::class, 'update'])->name('profile.password.update');
 
Route::get('/profile/delete', [ProfileController::class, 'delete'])->name('profile.delete');
Route::delete('/profile', [ProfileController::class, 'destroy'])->name('profile.destroy');
});
 
require __DIR__.'/auth.php';

Our route table for this controller now looks like this:

Verb URI Action Route Name
GET /chirps index chirps.index
GET /chirps/create create chirps.create
POST /chirps store chirps.store
GET /chirps/{chirp}/edit edit chirps.edit
PUT/PATCH /chirps/{chirp} update chirps.update

Updating our partial

Next, let's update our chirps.partials.chirp Blade partial to have an edit form for existing Chirps.

We're going to use the <x-dropdown> component that comes with Turbo Breeze, which we'll only display to the Chirp author. We'll also display an indication if a Chirp has been edited by comparing the Chirp's created_at date with its updated_at date:

resources/views/chirps/partials/chirp.blade.php
<div class="p-6 flex space-x-2">
<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" class="h-6 w-6 text-gray-600 -scale-x-100" fill="none" viewBox="0 0 24 24" stroke="currentColor" stroke-width="2">
<path stroke-linecap="round" stroke-linejoin="round" d="M8 12h.01M12 12h.01M16 12h.01M21 12c0 4.418-4.03 8-9 8a9.863 9.863 0 01-4.255-.949L3 20l1.395-3.72C3.512 15.042 3 13.574 3 12c0-4.418 4.03-8 9-8s9 3.582 9 8z" />
</svg>
<div class="flex-1">
<div class="flex justify-between items-center">
<div>
<span class="text-gray-800">{{ $chirp->user->name }}</span>
<small class="ml-2 text-sm text-gray-600"><x-relative-time :date="$chirp->created_at" /></small>
@unless ($chirp->created_at->eq($chirp->updated_at))
<small class="text-sm text-gray-600 dark:text-gray-500"> &middot; edited</small>
@endunless
</div>
@if (Auth::id() === $chirp->user->id)
<x-dropdown align="right" width="48">
<x-slot name="trigger">
<button>
<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" class="h-4 w-4 text-gray-400" viewBox="0 0 20 20" fill="currentColor">
<path d="M6 10a2 2 0 11-4 0 2 2 0 014 0zM12 10a2 2 0 11-4 0 2 2 0 014 0zM16 12a2 2 0 100-4 2 2 0 000 4z" />
</svg>
</button>
</x-slot>
 
<x-slot name="content">
<x-dropdown-link href="{{ route('chirps.edit', $chirp) }}">{{ __('Edit') }}</x-dropdown-link>
</x-slot>
</x-dropdown>
@endif
</div>
<p class="mt-4 text-lg text-gray-900">{{ $chirp->message }}</p>
</div>
</div>

Showing the edit Chirp form

We can now update the edit action on our ChirpController class to show the form to edit Chirps. Even though we're only displaying the edit button to the author of the Chirp, we also need to authorize the request to make sure it's actually the author that is updating it:

app/Http/Controllers/ChirpController.php
<?php
 ...
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
 
use App\Models\Chirp;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
 
class ChirpController extends Controller
{
 ...
/**
* Display a listing of the resource.
*
* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
*/
public function index()
{
return view('chirps.index', [
'chirps' => Chirp::with('user:id,name')->latest()->get(),
]);
}
 
/**
* Show the form for creating a new resource.
*
* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
*/
public function create()
{
return view('chirps.create');
}
 
/**
* Store a newly created resource in storage.
*
* @param \Illuminate\Http\Request $request
* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
*/
public function store(Request $request)
{
$validated = $request->validate([
'message' => ['required', 'string', 'max:255'],
]);
 
$request->user()->chirps()->create($validated);
 
return redirect()
->route('chirps.index')
->with('status', __('Chirp created.'));
}
 
/**
* Display the specified resource.
*
* @param \App\Models\Chirp $chirp
* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
*/
public function show(Chirp $chirp)
{
//
}
 
/**
* Show the form for editing the specified resource.
*
* @param \App\Models\Chirp $chirp
* @return \Illuminate\Http\ResponseApp\
*/
public function edit(Chirp $chirp)
{
//
$this->authorize('update', $chirp);
 
return view('chirps.edit', [
'chirp' => $chirp,
]);
}
 ...
/**
* Update the specified resource in storage.
*
* @param \Illuminate\Http\Request $request
* @param \App\Models\Chirp $chirp
* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
*/
public function update(Request $request, Chirp $chirp)
{
//
}
 
/**
* Remove the specified resource from storage.
*
* @param \App\Models\Chirp $chirp
* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
*/
public function destroy(Chirp $chirp)
{
//
}
 
}

Now, we need to create our chirps.edit view:

resources/views/chirps/edit.blade.php
<x-app-layout :title="__('Edit Chirp')">
<x-slot name="header">
<h2 class="flex items-center space-x-1 font-semibold text-xl text-gray-800 dark:text-gray-200 leading-tight">
<x-breadcrumbs :links="[route('chirps.index') => __('Chirps'), __('Edit Chirp')]" />
</h2>
</x-slot>
 
<div class="py-12">
<div class="max-w-2xl mx-auto sm:px-6 lg:px-8 space-y-6">
<div class="p-4 sm:p-8 bg-white dark:bg-gray-800 shadow sm:rounded-lg">
<div class="max-w-xl mx-auto">
@include('chirps.partials.form', ['chirp' => $chirp])
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</x-app-layout>

We're using the same form partial the create chirps view uses. However, in this case we're passing down a Chirp model to the form so it can pre-fill the message field. Since we're passing a Chirp model, we can make the form submit to the chirps.update endpoint instead of the default chirps.store one when no Chirp is passed. Let's make the changes to the chirps.partials.form partial, replace the existing form with this one:

resources/views/chirps/partials/form.blade.php
<form action="{{ ($chirp ?? false) ? route('chirps.update', $chirp) : route('chirps.store') }}" method="POST" class="w-full">
@csrf
@if ($chirp ?? false)
@method('PUT')
@endif
 
<div>
<x-input-label for="message" :value="__('Message')" class="sr-only" />
<x-textarea-input id="message" name="message" autofocus placeholder="{{ __('What\'s on your mind?') }}" class="block w-full" :value="old('message', $chirp?->message ?? '')" />
<x-input-error :messages="$errors->get('message')" class="mt-2" />
</div>
 
<div class="mt-6 flex items-center space-x-4">
<x-primary-button>
{{ __('Chirp') }}
</x-primary-button>
 
@if ($chirp ?? false)
<a href="{{ route('chirps.index') }}" class="dark:text-gray-400">{{ __('Cancel') }}</a>
@endif
</div>
</form>

Authorization

By default, the authorize method will prevent everyone from being able to update the Chirp. We can specify who is allowed to update it by creating a Model Policy with the following command:

php artisan make:policy ChirpPolicy --model=Chirp

This will create a policy class at app/Policies/ChirpPolicy.php which we can update to specify that only the author is authorized to update a Chirp:

app/Policies/ChirpPolicy.php
<?php
 ...
namespace App\Policies;
 
use App\Models\Chirp;App\
use App\Models\User;
use Illuminate\Auth\Access\HandlesAuthorization;
 
class ChirpPolicy
{
 ...
use HandlesAuthorization;
 
/**
* Determine whether the user can view any models.
*
* @param \App\Models\User $user
* @return \Illuminate\Auth\Access\Response|bool
*/
public function viewAny(User $user)
{
//
}
 
/**
* Determine whether the user can view the model.
*
* @param \App\Models\User $user
* @param \App\Models\Chirp $chirp
* @return \Illuminate\Auth\Access\Response|bool
*/
public function view(User $user, Chirp $chirp)
{
//
}
 
/**App\
* Determine whether the user can create models.
*
* @param \App\Models\User $user
* @return \Illuminate\Auth\Access\Response|bool
*/
public function create(User $user)
{
//
}
 
/**
* Determine whether the user can update the model.
*
* @param \App\Models\User $user
* @param \App\Models\Chirp $chirp
* @return \Illuminate\Auth\Access\Response|bool
*/
public function update(User $user, Chirp $chirp)
{
//
return $user->is($chirp->user);
}
 ...
/**
* Determine whether the user can delete the model.
*
* @param \App\Models\User $user
* @param \App\Models\Chirp $chirp
* @return \Illuminate\Auth\Access\Response|bool
*/
public function delete(User $user, Chirp $chirp)
{
//
}
 
/**
* Determine whether the user can restore the model.
*
* @param \App\Models\User $user
* @param \App\Models\Chirp $chirp
* @return \Illuminate\Auth\Access\Response|bool
*/
public function restore(User $user, Chirp $chirp)
{
//
}
 
/**
* Determine whether the user can permanently delete the model.
*
* @param \App\Models\User $user
* @param \App\Models\Chirp $chirp
* @return \Illuminate\Auth\Access\Response|bool
*/
public function forceDelete(User $user, Chirp $chirp)
{
//
}
 
}

You should be able to use the dropdown, click on the Edit link and view the edit Chirp form:

Edit Chirp Form

Updating Chirps

We can now change the update action on our ChirpController class to validate the request and update the database. Again, we also need to authorize the request here to make sure it's actually the author that is updating it:

app/Http/Controllers/ChirpController.php
<?php
 ...
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
 
use App\Models\Chirp;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
 
class ChirpController extends Controller
{
 ...
/**
* Display a listing of the resource.
*
* @return \Illuminate\Http\ResponseApp\
*/
public function index()
{
return view('chirps.index', [
'chirps' => Chirp::with('user:id,name')->latest()->get(),
]);
}
 
/**
* Show the form for creating a new resource.
*
* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
*/
public function create()
{
return view('chirps.create');
}
 
/**
* Store a newly created resource in storage.
*
* @param \Illuminate\Http\Request $request
* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
*/
public function store(Request $request)
{
$validated = $request->validate([
'message' => ['required', 'string', 'max:255'],
]);
 
$request->user()->chirps()->create($validated);
 
return redirect()
->route('chirps.index')
->with('status', __('Chirp created.'));
}
 
/**
* Display the specified resource.
*
* @param \App\Models\Chirp $chirp
* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
*/
public function show(Chirp $chirp)
{
//
}
 
/**
* Show the form for editing the specified resource.
*
* @param \App\Models\Chirp $chirp
* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
*/
public function edit(Chirp $chirp)
{
//
$this->authorize('update', $chirp);
 
return view('chirps.edit', [
'chirp' => $chirp,
]);
}
 
/**
* Update the specified resource in storage.
*
* @param \Illuminate\Http\Request $request
* @param \App\Models\Chirp $chirp
* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
*/
public function update(Request $request, Chirp $chirp)
{
//
$this->authorize('update', $chirp);
 
$validated = $request->validate([
'message' => ['required', 'string', 'max:255'],
]);
 
$chirp->update($validated);
 
return redirect()->route('chirps.index')->with('notice', __('Chirp updated.'));
}
 ...
/**
* Remove the specified resource from storage.
*
* @param \App\Models\Chirp $chirp
* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
*/
public function destroy(Chirp $chirp)
{
//
}
 
}

You may have noticed the validation rules are duplicated with the store action. You might consider extracting them using Laravel's Form Request Validation, which makes it easy to re-use validation rules and to keep your controllers light.

Testing it out

Time to test it out! Go ahead and edit a few Chirps using the dropdown menu. If you register another user account, you'll see that only the author of a Chirp can edit it.

Changed Chirps

Continue to deleting Chirps...